One of the largest indigenous peoples in South America, with an incidence in Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay, the Guaranis Indians are subdivided into multiple groups with different languages, religions and cultures. In Brazil the concentration in the State of São Paulo and the proximity to the capital created close ties between white men and Guarani with significant cultural transformations. In the coastal city of Ubatuba, the Guaraní Indians are free in the use of public transport and cases of alcoholism grow in the population. In the city of São Paulo, which has the smallest indigenous land in the country, Rap groups and political leaders demand the expansion of their lands.

Like most indigenous peoples in Brazil, the Guaranis struggle to maintain their cultural and religious traditions as well as their way of life linked to the conservation of the forest before the society established by the white man.

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